The School of Athens (Raphael)

The School of Athens (Raphael)

The School of Athens, or Scuola di Atene in Italian, is one of the most famous frescoes by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael.

Artist : Raphael
Year : 1509–1510
Type : Fresco
Dimensions : 500 cm × 770 cm (200 in × 300 in)
Location : Apostolic Palace, Vatican City


1: Zeno of Citium 
2: Epicurus 
3: unknown
4: Boethius or Anaximander or Empedocles?
5: Averroes 
6: Pythagoras 
7: Alcibiades or Alexander the Great?
8: Antisthenes or Xenophon or Timon?
9: unknown or the Fornarina as a personification of Love or (Francesco Maria della Rovere?) 10: Aeschines or Xenophon?
11: Parmenides?
12: Socrates 
13: Heraclitus
14: Plato
15: Aristotle 
16: Diogenes 
17: Plotinus (Donatello?)
18: Euclid or Archimedes with students (Bramante?)
19: Zoroaster 
20: Ptolemy?
21: Protogenes

Central Figures

In the center of the fresco are the two undisputed main subjects: Plato on the left and Aristotle, his student, on the right.

This work has long been seen as “Raphael’s masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance.”


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