The Statue of David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and 1504, by the Italian artist Michelangelo. It is a 5.17-metre marble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favoured subject in the art of Florence, symbolize the defence of civil liberties embodied in the Florentine Republic an independent city-stated threatened on all sides by more powerful rival states and by the hegemony of the Medici family. The eyes of David, with a warning glare, were turned towards Rome. The statue was located at the Accademia Gallery in Florence since 1873.
The Renaissance is derived from the word rinascere that means “to be reborn”. It was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century in Europe. During this period, there was an enormous renewal of interest in and study of classical antiquity.
Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) is an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer who was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time.